Bahan Ajar Untuk Materi Kuliah Kimia Dasar

Matakuliah Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan

Kompetensi
/Competencies

Memahami konsep-konsep dasar ilmu kimia adapun materi dan perubahannya, wujud zat dan kuantifikasi serta perhitungan kimia (stoikiometri) sebagai landasan lakukan mempelajari konsaep kimia lanjutan./Understanding the

basic concepts of chemistry and material changes, states of matter, quantification of materials and

chemical

calculation

(stoichiometry)
as a foundation

for studying advanced chemistry

  concepts.

Korban Analisis/Subject Matters

(1) Ruang lingkupi lmu ilmu pisah, materi dan energi, klasifikasi materi,  sifat-resan materi, wujud zat,  satuan asal Sang dan asongan sosok; (2) Unsur subatom, berat atom, struktur anasir (Rurherford-Bohr dan mekanikan kuantum/model atom dinamik), suratan kuantum dan tingkat energi orbital, konfigurasi elektron, sistem periodik unsur, tanggung inti efektif dan sifat keperiodikan partikel; (3) Ikatan ionik dan kestabilan senyawa ionik, ikatan kovalen dan geometri anasir tatanama senyawa ionik dan kovalen sederhana; (4) Pertepatan reaksi, bilangan Avogadro dan konsep mol, persen komposisi, rumus empiris dan rumus molekul, paralelisme reaksi, stokiometri reaksi,  pereaksi pembatas, hasil reaksi teoritis dan hasil reaksi sememangnya (persen yield); (5) Hukum-hukum tabun dan stoikometri gas;                      (6) Wujud zat, cairan (Definisi larutan, eceran konsentrasi, rasam koligatif larutan), koloid dan stoikiometri hancuran; (7) Kestabilan inti, peluruhan dan radiasi hasil peluruhan, transmutasi inti, lancar peluruhan radioaktif, reaksi fusi , fisi dan reaksi rantai./(1) Scope of Chemistry, m
atter and energy
,

classification of matters

,

properties of substances, state of matter

,

the International System of Units (SI) and derived unit
; (2) S
ubatom particles (p,n.e), atomic number, atomic mass, the structure of zarah (Rutherford- Bohr and quantum mechanics model of atom
/dynamic atomic models
), quantum num­bers, orbital energy levels, electron con­fi­gu­rations, the periodic table, nuclear effective charge and periodic properties
; (3) I
onic bonds and sta­bi­lity of ionic compound, covalent bonds and VSEPR theory (molecules geometry), nomenclature of  simple ionic and covalent compounds
; (4)
C
hemical equations, Avogadro numbers and mole con­cept,

percent

composition,

empirical and molecular formula, chemical reaction stoichiometry,

limiting reactant
,

yield


(ideal dan chemical yield) and percent yield of chemical reactions; (5)

G
as law
s and gas stoichiometry; (6) Solution (definition,

unit of concentration, colligative properties
), coloid and solution stoichiometry; (7)
Kaki langit
uclear stability, nuclear reactions and radioactivity, nuclear transmutation. Ra­dio­active decay rate, nuclear fission  fusion and chain reaction.

Tujuan/Objectives

Setelah mempelajari konsep bawah kimia sebagaimana pada mangsa analisis melalui studi pustaka, diskusi, dan penyelesaian tugas terstruktur mahasiswa mampu mengaplikasikannya untuk mempelajari mantra kimia lebih lanjut./
After learning the basic concepts

of

chemistry that list in the Subject Matters
through

literature study, discussion, and structured assignments,  students are able to

use their understanding in basic chemistry concepts

to

understand

advanced

chemistry

concepts

.

Daftar Pustaka/References

  1. McMurry, John, Fay , Robert C. 2010.
    Chemistry
    5th
    edition. New York: Prentice Hall International. Inc (pfd version)
  2. Chang, R. 2010.
    Chemistry. 10th
    edition. Mc. Graw-Hill Higher Education. USA: New York. (pfd version)
  3. Zumdhal , S. S. and Zumdhal S. A. 2010. Chemistry 8th
    edition. Brooks Cole, Cangage Learning. Belmont. (pdf version)
  4. Oxtoby, D. W., Gillis, H. P., and Campion, A. 2011. Principle of Moderen Chemistry, 7th
    edition. USA;Brooks/Cole (pdf version)
  5. Ebbing, D. D., and Gammon, S. D. 2009. General Chemistry. USA: Houghton Mifflin Company (pdf version)

Source: http://kimia.fmipa.um.ac.id/matakuliah-kimia-dasar-i/

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