Baha Ajar Dasar Dasar Manajemen Peternakan.ppt

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Objek Khotbah Manajemen Operasi


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Title: Hukum Ketertarikan Author: muchdie Last modified by: Windows User Created Date: 2/21/2008 4:16:58 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title:

Bulan-bulanan Kuliah Manajemen Operasi


1


Bahan KuliahManajemen Manuver Produksi
Pendahuluan Manajemen Propaganda Produksi(Part

1 Managing Operations)

  • Acara Pascasarjana
  • Perkumpulan Muhammadiyah Prof Dr Hamka

Dosen Dr. Muchdie, PhD in Economics Telp

0812-826-3034


2


Pokok Bahasan

  • Fungsi Kampanye n domestik Organisasi
  • Teknologi Transmutasi
  • Operasi Manufaktur Vs Persuasi Jasa
  • Sejarah Pengelolaan Usaha Produksi
  • Penglihatan Kesisteman mulai sejak Operasi
  • Organisasi Sebagai Suatu Sistem
  • Manajemen Sub-Sistem Operasi
  • Definisi Manajemen Propaganda
  • Manajemen Klasik
  • Penyelenggaraan Tingkahlaku
  • Pemodelan Sebagai Tata
  • Tulangtulangan Kerja kerjakan Manajemen Operasi
  • Perencanaan, Aktivasi, Pengendalian,

    Tingkahlaku, Model
  • Masalah-Komplikasi dari Manajer Operasi
  • Peran Strategis dari Operasi
  • Perspektif Strategi, Tujuan Operasi
  • Kecenderungan dalam Manajemen Gerakan
  • Karier kerumahtanggaan Tata Propaganda


3


Fungsi Operasi dalam Organisasi
Random Fluctuations
Butuh Aklimatisasi ?
Monitor Output
Proses Konversi
INPUTs
OUTPUTs

  • Lahan
  • Tenaga
  • Modal
  • Pengelolaan
  • Komoditas
  • Jasa

Umpan Balik
Membandingkan Fakta Keinginan


4


Sejumlah Terminologi

  • Sistem operasi episode dari organisasi yang

    menghasilkan komoditas komoditas dan jasa organisasi
  • Proses metamorfosis proses yang merubah input

    menjadi output
  • Nilai tambah peningkatan angka karena proses

    konversi dimana output gt input
  • Random fluctuations otoritas lingkungan yang

    bukan dapat dikendalikan
  • Umpan bengot deklarasi intern proses kontrol yg

    memungkinkan bagi manajemen lakukan memutuskan

    apakah kegiatan organisasi memerlukan penyesuaian
  • Technology tingkat kecanggihan maklumat dlm

    proses alterasi (pabrik, peralatan dan

    ketrampilan)


5


Komplet Sistem Aksi sreg Toko Swalayan
Random Fluctuations

  • Deliveri keteter
  • Resesi ekonomi
  • Tenaga kerja berkurang

Proses Konversi
INPUTs
OUTPUTs

  • Lahan
  • Tenaga
  • Bangunan, Peralatan
  • Manajer Toko

Menghidangkan konsumen dgn memuaskan
atau –
Umpan Balik

  • Tingkat inventory
  • Efisiensi tenaga kerja
  • Piutang penjualan


6


Contoh Sistem Operasi pada Usaha Pertanian
Random Fluctuations

  • Sinar/iklim
  • Inflasi
  • Kontrol pemerintah
  • Peralatan rusak

Proses Metamorfosis
INPUTs
OUTPUTs

  • Tanah
  • Tenaga orang tani
  • Traktor, dsb
  • Konstruksi
  • Manajemen pertanian
  • Biji-bijian
  • Daging
  • Susu
  • Telur

atau –
Umpan Pencong

  • Observasi kondisi air dan tanah
  • Harga nan diterima


7


Perubahan Acuan Penyelenggaraan Proses

Random Fluctuations
Monitor Output
Proses Konversi
INPUTs
OUTPUTs

  • Bahan
  • Barang
  • Jasa
  • Akomodasi
  • Orang
  • Organisasi
  • Maklumat

Umpan Balik
Membandingkan Fakta Kedahagaan


8


Perubahan Ideal Manajemen Proses

Berlatih-Mengajar
Random Fluctuations
Proses Transformasi
INPUTs
OUTPUTs

  • Mahasiswa
  • Jauhari
  • Magister
  • Doktor
  • Fasilitas
  • Anak adam
  • Organisasi
  • Publikasi
  • Pidato
  • Seminar
  • Penelitian
  • Tugas Pengunci

Umpan Balik


9


Operasi Manufaktur Versus Jasa Produksi Versus

Operasi
Random Fluctuations
Proses Konversi
INPUTs
OUTPUTs
Barang
Jasa
Umpan Putar


10


Perbedaan Barang dgn Jasa

  • Ciri-Ciri Jasa
  • Dagangan tidak berwujud
  • Jasa runyam dijual kembali
  • Banyak jasa tdk bisa disimpan
  • Produksi dan konsumsi boleh secara simultan
  • Banyak aspek mutu selit belit diukur
  • Penjualan menjadi bagian dari jasa
  • Interaksi pelanggan tinggi
  • Penyedia, bukan produk, bisa diangkut
  • Kemudahan terdepan cak bagi pertautan pelanggan
  • Sulit untuk melakukan otomatisasi
  • Penerimaan dihasilkan berbunga pusparagam jasa
  • Ciri-Ciri Barang
  • Produk berwujud
  • Produk dapat dijual pula
  • Produk bisa disimpan
  • Produksi terpisah dgn konsumsi
  • Aspek mutu mudah diukur
  • Penjualan terpisah dgn produksi
  • Produk boleh diangkut
  • Fasilitas penting utk biaya
  • Mudah melakukan otomatisasi
  • Pendedahan dihasilkan dariproduk


11


Produk Versus Jasa
Produk
Jasa
Mobil
Komputer
Rahim siap saji
Makanan restoran
Bengkel
Rumah sakit
Jasa interviu/pengajaran
Konseling
0
25
50
75
100
25
50
75
100


12


Sejarah Kontribusi MOP
Tahun Kontribusi Donor
1776 Spesialisasi tenaga kerja di pabrik Adam Smith
1832 Pembagian tenaga kerja penugasan berds ketrampilan Charles Babbage
1900 Scientific management time study and work Frederick W Taylor
1900 Motion study of jobs Frank B Gilberth
1901 Schedulling techniques for employee, machines and job Henry L Gantt
1915 Economic lots sizes for inventory control F.W. Harris
1927 Human relations the Hawthorne studies Elton Mayo
1940 Operation research applications in WW-II PMS Blacket, dkk
1946 Digital computer John Mauchly JP Eckert
1947 Linier programming GB Dantizg, dan lainnya
1950 Mathematical programming, non linier stochastic A.Chanrnes, WW Cooper
1951 Commercial digital computer large-scale are available Sperry Univac
1960 Organizational behaviour Study people at work L. Cumming L.Porter
1970 Integrating operation into overall strategy policy W. Skinner
1980 Quality and productivity application from Japan WE Deming J. Juran


13


Pandangan Kesisteman
Keuangan
SDM
Produksi/Operasi
Akuntansi
Teknik
Pemasaran
Distribusi
Pembelian


14


Pengelolaan Sub-Sistem Produksi
Klasik Asumsi-Asumsi Titik api Utama Kontribusi terhadap Manajemen
Scientific Management People motivated by economic alone Mangerial rationality Organization a closed system Economic efficiency Physical aspecs of work environment Scientific analysis of work task Application of techniques to work tasks Demonstration of benefits from specialization of labor, division of labor, job analysis, separation of planning and doing
Process Orientation Management activities separable Management processes Indentification of principles and function of management


15


Manajemen Sub-Sistem Produksi
Behavioral Postulat-Asumsi Fokus Utama Kontribusi terhadap Manajemen
Human Relations People complex possess multiple needs Behavior of unik in work environment Awareness of individuals
Behavioral Science Human being sosial creatures Interpersonal and social aspects of work environment Indentification of behavioral variables that relate to organisational behavior
Social Systems Organisation an open system Interactive relationships of organisation with its environment Development of theories relating oragnisational behavior to human characteristics and organisational variables


16


Manajemen Sub-Sistem Produksi
Modelling Asumsi-Asumsi Fokus Penting Kontribusi terhadap Manajemen
Decision making Decision making process are the primary managerial behaviors Information acqusition, utilisation and choice processes Development of guides for improving decision making
System theory Organisation an open system Organisation an complex interrelated subcomponents Identification of organisation boundaries, interrelationships among subsystems and organisation and larger environment Development of approaches for predicting and explaining system behavior
Mathematical modelling Main elements of organisation can be abstracted, interrelated and expressed matehematically Quantification of decision problems and systems Optimizing of small set of situations Development of explicit rules for management decisions Development of methods for analysing organisation systems or subsystems


17


Pendekatan Klasik

  • Daya guna Organisasi () Output/Input

    x 100
  • Process Management

Planning
Organising
Controlling


18


Susuk Kerja untuk MOP

  • Planning activities that establish a couse of

    action and guide future decision making
  • Organising activities that establish a

    structure of tasks and authority
  • Controlling activities that assure that actual

    performance is in accordance with planned

    performance
  • Behavior how planning, organising and

    controlling affect human behavoir
  • Modelling use to simplify benaran-world


19


Tulangtulangan Kerja untuk MOP
Planning
Organising
Controlling
Model

Behavior


20


Penyakit-Keburukan intern MOP
Activity Activity
90.6 Production planning 48.1 Lead time reduction
76.9 Supervisor training 47.5 Quality circles
66.3 Capacity expantion 46.9 Developing new processes for old product
63.1 Worker safety program 46.3 Automating jobs
58.8 Defining manufacturing strategy 44.4 Developing new process for new product
57.5 Motivating direct labor employees 43.1 Vendor relations,procurement
55.0 Value analysis-product redesign 42.5 Focusing factories
54.4 Improved maintenance practices 41.3 Narrowing product line
53.1 Changing manufacturing organisation 39.4 Making existing system work better
51.3 Changing labor/management relationship 35.0 Giving workers a broader range of tasks to perform
50.0 Developing integrated infromation system 33.1 CAD


21


Peran Strategis MOP
Industry
Market competitions
Organisational Strategy
Profit or return Source of funds Product or

service quality

Operations Policy
Conversion Characteristics Design Product

design flexibility Delivery capacity Location of

facility Processing technology Control system
Managing conversion operation
Quality, Efficiency, Schedule
Results


22


Karakteristik untuk Persaingan

  • Quality (Product performance)
  • Cost efficiency (Low product price)
  • Dependability (Reliable, Timely delivery of

    orders to customers)
  • Flexibility (responding rapidly with new products

    or changes in output tagihan)


23


Tujuan Operasi

  • Tujuan propaganda meluangkan kapabilitas transmutasi

    untuk memenuhi goals dan strategi organisasi
  • Karakteristik barang/jasa
  • Karakteristik proses
  • Kualitas barang/jasa
  • Efisiensi (effective employee relation and cost

    control of labor, cost control of material, cost

    control in facility utilisation)
  • Customer service (schedule)
  • Adaptability for future survival


24


Trend in MOP
Year Primary Manufacture Services Total
1900 38 34 28 100
1910 34 37 29 100
1920 30 39 31 100
1930 27 35 38 100
1940 25 34 41 100
1950 15 40 45 100
1960 11 39 50 100
1970 5 34 61 100
1980 4 28 68 100
1989 3 27 70 100
Distribusi tenaga kerja, perigi NBER

Statistical Abstract of the United States 1972,

pp. 227-30


25


Topik Masa kini dalam MOP
Random Fluctuations

  • Planning
  • Planning Conversion System
  • Operations Strategis
  • Product and Process Choices
  • Opration Capacity
  • Facility Location
  • Layout Planning
  • Schedulling
  • Schedulling System
  • Operation Schedulling
  • Organising
  • Organising for conversion
  • Job Design, Work Measurement
  • Project Management
  • Controlling
  • Material Control
  • Inventory Control
  • Material Require Planning
  • Managing for world-class competition
  • Japanese manufacturing
  • Managing for quality

Proses Metamorfosis
OUTPUTs
INPUTs


26


Akhir

  • Bab ini menegaskan peran fungsi gerakan kerumahtanggaan

    organisasi dan pentingnya memanajnya secara

    efektif.
  • Cak bagi memaklumi dan membereskan ki aib operasi

    diadopsi suatu kerangka nan merujuk pada 3

    peredaran pemikiran manajemen klasik, behavioral

    dan modelling.
  • Kecendrungan kegiatan ekonomi gelesot pecah

    pertanian (primer) ke industri (sekunder) dan ke

    jasa (tersier). Ini menerimakan tantangan

    singularis untuk MOP.


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