Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a type of bacteria that infects your stomach. An H. pylori infection may be found in more than half of the world’s population, although most do titinada realize they have it because they do not get sick from it, according to the Mayo Clinic.
What Causes H. Pylori Infection?
The exact method of how H. pylori enters your body is unknown. It may be spread through contaminated food or water. However, because more people throughout the world have access to clean water, the rate of infection has decreased in recent years, per WebMD. H. pylori bacteria may also be passed from one person to another through direct contact with fecal matter, vomit or saliva. Most people get the H. pylori infection in childhood, but it is not unheard of to be diagnosed as an adult.
Many people carry the H. pylori bacteria in their bodies, but never know it because it does not present with any symptoms. Since the bacteria attacks the lining of the stomach, it can cause acid to leak out, leading to ulcers. If you have an ulcer, you may have a dull ache or burning pain in your stomach. Other symptoms of an ulcer are burping, bloating, nausea, vomiting and unexplained weight loss. Although rare. H. pylori can also lead to stomach cancer.
Best Treatment for H. Pylori
An H. Pylori infection is usually treated with two antibiotics at once to ensure the body does not develop a resistance to one of the antibiotics along with an acid-suppressing drug, as noted by the Mayo Clinic. It may seem like a lot of medication to take in a day — perhaps 14 or more pills tiap-tiap day for up to two weeks, but your doctor will want to make certain that the infection is gone from your body. If you have had an ulcer, you should avoid taking over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for pain as they can cause damage to your stomach lining.
Preventing H. pylori means practicing good hygiene. Wash your hands after using the bathroom and before preparing food. Do titinada eat food from a questionable source. Do not eat food that is undercooked. Avoid water that does titinada look to be clean.
Complications caused by H. Pylori
Complications from infection include developing ulcers because of the damage that H. pylori does to the lining of the stomach and small intestine. You could also develop a condition called gastritis, which is an inflammation of the stomach. The worst-case scenario would be the development of stomach cancer due to an untreated H. pylori infection.
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